Streams are a way of generalising file, network, compression resources and a few other things in a way that allows them to share a common set of features. I stream is a resource object that has streamable behaviour. It can be read or written to in a linear fashion, but not necessarily from the beginning of the stream.
Since my last visit to this subject I have been thinking about how to represent a collection of random colors so that it looks sorted and that no information is lost during that process. I quickly realised that I needed to use all three aspects of the color space, which lends itself to generating 3D objects. Indeed, the red, green, blue color space is built around a cube so it can often be represented as a cube.
Since my last post, where I talked about drawling a line with pixels in PHP, I have been looking at drawing circles. As it turns out, there are a few different ways to draw a circle, so I'll go through a few options here.
Colorising images is fairly simple to accomplish, especially using PHP's GD library. All we need to do is load an image, create a blank image of the same size in a particular color and then merge the two images together.
In fact, we can do this entirely with the imagecopymerge() function, but creating a function to wrap all of this makes sense as well.
From the drawers of "I didn't realise how complicated that was" I was wondering the other day how to draw a line using just pixels. This turned out to be more complicated than I thought.
Normally in PHP you would use the imageline() function to draw a line between two points. The following block of code creates and image and draws a white line from the coordinates 50x,50y to 200x,150y.
I've been using PHP for a number of years and have seen the same things being done with return values from functions over and over again. I have always thought of this as pretty standard, but the more I think about it the less it makes sense. Looking back over my career I am quite sure that a few serious bugs could have been avoided if I had not mixed return types.
I wanted to impart a piece of advice to do with validation and formatting of user input, although I've never seen anyone suggest it. I guess it would come under the single responsibility principle so it might seem obvious to some people. There can be reasons why this might at least seem like a good idea at the time.
Following on from my last post about sorting colors I have been thinking about different ways of sorting colors. I have been looking at interfaces that allow people to select colors and they will quite normally have a band of colors that does look nicely sorted. As it turns out this is perfectly possible to do if the colors are normalised to remove light and dark variations of different colors.